Malaysia Country Guide

Government

 
 

The Monarchy
Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy, nominally headed by the King (Yang di-Pertuan Agong), who is "elected" by the sultans for a five-year term from among the nine sultans of the Malay states, though in practice the election usually follows a prescribed order based on the seniority of the sultans at the time of independence. This gives Malaysia a unique political system of rotational monarchy, in which each of the sultans would take turns to be the king of Malaysia.
In practice, the king is only the nominal Head of State, while the Prime Minister is the one who wields the most authority in government. 

 
 
 
 
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Parliament Building, Kuala Lumpur
Parliament Building in Kuala Lumpur

The Legislature
Malaysia's government is largely based on the British Westminster system, consisting of a bicameral national parliament, with each of the states also having their own unicameral Dewan Undangan Negeri (State Legislative Assembly). The lower house, known as the Dewan Rakyat (Hall of the People) is elected directly by the people. The upper house, known as the Dewan Negara (National Hall), consists of 26 members elected by the state governments, with each state having 2 representative, while the remaining members are appointed by the king.

Penang Legislative Assembly

Penang Legislative Assembly

The Government
The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is the party leader of the winning party in the lower house. The United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) party and its National Front (Barisan Nasional) coalition have ruled Malaysia uninterrupted since its independence, and while periodic elections are contested by feisty opposition parties, the balance has so far always been shifted in the government's favor, partly due to press control and use of restrictive security legislation dating from the colonial era.

 
Malaysia
Country Guide
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