Melaka, Malaysia



Chinese Heritage Sites

Bukit China
Bukit China (Chinese Hill) is the one of the oldest and largest (42 acres) traditional Chinese cemetery outside of China. The hillside was initially a gift from Sultan Mansur Shah to his new Chinese bride, Princess Hang Li Po, in the mid-15th century. Bukit China later became a burial ground for the Chinese community in Melaka. There are more than 12,000 graves in the
cemetery and the oldest dates back to 1622. Though a cemetery, Bukit China is popular with joggers and strollers with tracks across the hill and the top offers a nice view of Melaka.

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Bukit China by Vmenkov

At the bottom of the Bukit China are the Wells of Hang Li Po (also known as Admiral Cheng Ho's Seven Wells). Hang Li Po came from China to Melaka with nearly 500 followers including her female attendants who eventually settled in Bukit China. Wells were dug by the settlers at the foot of the hill and today three wells remain intact and have never dried even during periods of drought. Today, the wells have a reputation with visitors as wishing wells rather than supplying water.

Chinese Temples
There are several Chinese temples of historical importance in Melaka. The San Poh Teng (also known as Sam Po Kong) Temple is located on the foothill of Bukit China and nearby the Wells of Hang Li Po. The temple was established by the Kapitan China (Chinese headman) Chua Su Cheong in 1795 as a graveyard temple, the main deity being 'Fu De Zheng Shen' also known as 'Tua Pek Kong'. The temple was built to allow descendants of those buried at Bukit China to conduct prayers for their ancestors without interruption.
San Poh Teng Temple by Vmenkov

Cheng Hoon Teng Temple is located at Jalan Tokong (close to Jalan Tukang Emas) and is the oldest functioning Chinese temple in Malaysia. The richly decorated temple was constructed in 1645 with building materials imported from China and comprises of several prayer halls. The Geok Hu Keng Temple is located at the junction of Jalan Klebang and Jalan Pokok Mangga, about three km from Melaka's city centre. The temple is more than 130 years and major celebrations include the 3rd day of Chinese New Year, Hien Tian Siong Teh's birthday on the 3rd day of the 3rd lunar month and the birthday of Geok Hu Tai Chong on 29th day of the 6th lunar month.

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