Singapore Country Guide



Singapore is home to 5.3 million people (2012) of which 63% are Singaporeans and 37% are foreign workers and expatriates from around the world making a living on the island. Despite its small size, Singapore's local population prides itself on being a multi-racial country with its diverse culture comprising of three main ethnic groups i.e. Chinese, Malays and Indians. The remainder of the local population are a mix of other cultures, most notably the Eurasians who are of mix of European and Asian descent.

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Chinatown, Singapore

People in Chinatown

Major Ethnic Groups
The Chinese form the
largest ethnic group who form 74% of the local population. Amongst the Chinese, the largest subgroups are the Hokkien, Teochew and Cantonese speakers with Mandarin acting as the lingua franca of the community. Other notable "dialect" groups among the Chinese include the Hakkas, Hainanese and Foochows. Malays, who are comprised of descendants of Singapore's original inhabitants as well as migrants from present day Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei, form about 13% of the population. Indians form 9% of the population. Among the Indians, Tamils form the largest subgroup while others include Hindi, Malayalam and Punjabi.

Singapore is also religiously diverse with no religious group forming a majority. Religious freedom is guaranteed by the constitution of Singapore. Buddhism is the largest religion with about 33% of the population declaring themselves Buddhist. Other religions which exist in significant numbers include Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Taoism. In addition to the "big five", there are also much smaller numbers of Sikhs, Zoroastrians, Jews, Baha'is and Jains. Some 17% of Singaporeans profess to have no religious affiliation.

Sultan Mosque, Singapore

Sultan Mosque at Muscat Street

Country Guide

Singapore Hotels
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Boat Quay
City Hall
Clarke Quay
Marina Bay
Mustafa Centre
North Bridge Road
Orchard Road
Sentosa Island
Suntec City

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